Navigation – Plan du site
  • A - General Economics and Teaching
    • A1 - General Economics
      • A10 - General
      • A11 - Role of Economics; Role of Economists; Market for Economists
      • A12 - Relation of Economists to Other Disciplines
      • A13 - Relation of Economics to Social Values
      • A14 - Sociology of Economics
      • A19 - Other
    • A2 - Economics Education and Teaching of Economics
      • A20 - General
      • A21 - Pre-college
      • A22 - Undergraduate
      • A23 - Graduate
      • A29 - Other
  • B - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology
    • B0 - General
      • B3 - History of Thought: Individuals
        • B30 - General
        • B31 - Individuals
    • B00 - General
    • B1 - History of Economic Thought trough 1925
      • B10 - General
      • B11 - Preclassical
      • B12 - Classical
      • B13 - Neoclassical through 1925
      • B14 - Socialist; Marxist
      • B15 - Historical; Institutional
      • B16 - Quantitative
      • B19 - Other
    • B2 - History of Economic Thought since 1925
      • B20 - General
      • B21 - Microeconomics
      • B22 - Macroeconomics
      • B23 - Econometrics; Quantitative Studies
      • B24 - Socialist ; Marxist
      • B25 - Historical; Institutional; Evolutionary; Austrian
      • B29 - Other
    • B4 - Economic Methodology
      • B40 - General
      • B41 - Economic Methodology
      • B49 - Other
    • B5 - Current Heterodox Approaches
      • B50 - General
      • B51 - Socialist; Marxian; Sraffian
      • B52 - Institutional; Evolutionary
      • B53 - Austrian
      • B59 - Other
  • C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods
    • C0 - General
    • C00 - General
    • C1 - Econometric ans Statistical Methods : General
      • C10 - General
      • C11 - Bayesian Analysis
      • C12 - Hypothesis Testing
      • C13 - Estimation
      • C14 - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods
      • C15 - Statistical Simulation Methods: Single Equation Models; Monte Carlo Methods; Boostrap Methods
      • C16 - Specific Distributions
      • C19 - Other
    • C2 - Econometric Methods: Single Equation Models; Singles Variables
      • C20 - General
      • C21 - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
      • C22 - Time-Series Models
      • C23 - Models with Panel Data
      • C24 - Truncated and Censored Models
      • C25 - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models
      • C29 - Other
    • C3 - Econometric Methods - Multiple/Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables
    • C4 - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics
      • C40 - General
      • C41 - Duration Analysis
      • C42 - Survey Methods
      • C43 - Index Numbers and Aggregation (1)
      • C44 - Statistical Decision Theory; Operations Research
      • C45 - Neural Network and Related Topics
      • C49 - Other
    • C5 - Econometric Modeling
      • C50 - General
      • C51 - Model Construction and Estimation
      • C52 - Model Evaluation and Testing
      • C53 - Forecasting and Other Model Applications
      • C59 - Other
    • C6 - Mathematical Methods and Programming
      • C60 - General
      • C61 - OPtimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
      • C62 - Existence and Stability Condition of Equilibrium
      • C63 - Computational Techniques
      • C65 - Miscellaneous Mathematical Tools
      • C67 - Input-Output Models
      • C68 - Computable General Equilibrium Models
      • C69 - Other
    • C7 - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory
      • C70 - General
      • C71 - Cooperative Games
      • C72 - Noncooperative Games
      • C73 - Stochastic and Dynamic Games; Evolutionary Games
      • C78 - Bargaining THeory; Matching Theory
      • C79 - Other
    • C8 - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs
      • C80 - General
      • C81 - Methodology for Collecting; Estimating; and Organizing Microeconomic Data
      • C82 - Methodology for Collecting; Estimating; and Organizing Macroeconomic Data
      • C87 - Econometric Software
      • C88 Other Computer Software
      • C89 - Other
    • C9 - Design of Experiments
      • C90 - General
      • C91 - Laboratory; Individual Behavior
      • C92 - Laboratory; Group Behavior
      • C93 - Field Experiments
      • C99 - Other
  • D - Microeconomics
    • D0 - General
    • D00 - General
      • D01 - Microeconomic Behavior: Underlying Principles
      • D02 - Institutions: Design; Formation; and Operations
    • D1 - Household Behavior and Family Economics
      • D10 - General
      • D11 - Consumer Economics: Theory
      • D12 - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
      • D13 - Household Production and Intrahousehold Allocation
      • D14 - Personal Finance
      • D18 - Consumer Production
      • D19 - Other
    • D2 - Production and Organizations
      • D20 - General
      • D21 - Firm Behavior
      • D23 - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
      • D24 - Production; Capital and Total Factor Productivity; Capacity
      • D29 - Other
    • D3 - Distribution
      • D30 - General
      • D31 - Personal Income; Wealth; and Their Distribution
      • D33 - Factor Income Distribution
      • D39 - Other
    • D4 - Market Structure and Pricing
      • D40 - General
      • D41 - Perfect Competition
      • D42 - monopoly
      • D43 - Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection
      • D44 - Auctions
      • D45 - Rationing; Licensing
      • D46 - Value Theory
      • D49 - Other
    • D5 - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium
      • D50 - General
      • D51 - Exchange and Production Economies
      • D52 - Incomplete Markets
      • D57 - Input-Output Tables and Analysis
      • D58 - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
      • D59 - Other
    • D6 - Welfare Economics
      • D60 - General
      • D61 - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis
      • D62 - Externalities
      • D63 - Equity; Justice; Inequality; and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
      • D64 - Altruism
      • D69 - Other
    • D7 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making
      • D70 - General
      • D71 - Social Choice; Clubs; Committees; Associations
      • D72 - Economic Models of Political Processes: Rent-Seeking; Elections; Legislatures; and Voting Behavior
      • D73 - Bureaucracy; Administrative Processes in Public Organizations; Corruption
      • D74 - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances
      • D78 - Positive Analysis of Policy-Making and Implementation (1)
      • D79 - Other
    • D8 - Information; Knowledge; and Uncertainty
      • D80 - General
      • D81 - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty
      • D82 - Asymmetric and Private Information
      • D83 - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge
      • D84 - Expectations; Speculations
      • D85 - Network Formation
      • D86 - Economics of Contract Law
      • D89 - Other
    • D9 - Intertemporal Choice and Growth
      • D90 - General
      • D91 - Intertemporal Consumer Choice; Life Cycle Models and Saving
      • D92 - Intertemporal Firm Choice and Growth; Investment; or Financing
      • D99 - Other
  • E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics
    • E0 - General
    • E00 - General
      • E01 - Measurement and Data on National Income and Product Accounts and Wealth
    • E1 - General Aggregative Models
      • E10 - General
      • E11 - Marxian; Sraffian; Institutional; Evolutionary
      • E12 - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian
      • E13 - Neoclassical
      • E17 - Forecasting and Simulation
      • E19 - Other
    • E2 - Consumption; Saving; Production; Employment; and Investment
      • E20 - General
      • E21 - Consumption; Saving
      • E22 - Capital; Investment (including Inventories); Capacity
      • E23 - Production
      • E24 - Employment; Unemployment; Wages
      • E25 - Aggregate Factor Income Distribution
      • E26 - Informal Economy; Underground Economy
      • E27 - Forecasting and Simulation
      • E29 - Other
    • E3 - Prices; Business Fluctuations; and Cycles
      • E30 - General
      • E31 - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
      • E32 - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
      • E37 - Forecasting and Simulation
      • E39 - Other
    • E4 - Money and Interested Rates
      • E40 - General
      • E41 - Demand for Money
      • E42 - Monetary Systems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
      • E43 - Determination of Interest Rates; Terms Structure of Interest Rates
      • E44 - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
      • E47 - Forecasting and Simulation
      • E49 - Other
    • E5 - Monetary Policy; Central Banking; and the Supply of Money and Credit
      • E50 - General
      • E51 - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
      • E52 - Monetary Policy (Targets; Instruments; and Effects)
      • E58 - Central Bank and Their Policies
      • E59 - Other
    • E6 - Macroeconomic Policy Formation; MAcroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance; Macroeconomic Policy; and General Outlook
      • E60 - General
      • E61 - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
      • E62 - Fiscal Policy; Public Expenditures; Investment; and Finance; Taxation
      • E63 - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization
      • E64 - Incomes Policy; Price Policy
      • E65 - Studies of Particular Policy Episodes
      • E66 - General Outlook and Conditions
      • E69 - Other
  • F - International Economics
    • F0 - General
    • F00 - General
    • F01 - Global Outlook
    • F02 - International Economic Order; Noneconomic International Organizations. Economic Integration and Globalization: General
    • F1 - Trade
      • F10 - General
      • F11 - Neoclassical Models of Trade
      • F12 - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies
      • F13 - Commercial Policy; Protection; Promotion; Trade Negotiations; International Organizations
      • F14 - Country an Industry Studies of Trade
      • F15 - Economic Integration
      • F16 - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
      • F17 - Trade Forecasting and Simulation
      • F18 - Trade and Environment
      • F19 - Other
    • F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business
      • F20 - General
      • F21 - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
      • F22 - International Migration (4)
      • F23 - Multinational Firms; International Business
      • F29 - Other
    • F3 - International Finance
      • F30 - General
      • F31 - Foreign Exchange
      • F32 - Current Account Adjustment; Short-Term Capital Movements
      • F33 - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
      • F34 - International Lending and Debt Problems
      • F35 - Foreign Aid
      • F36 - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
      • F39 - Other
    • F4 - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance
      • F40 - General
      • F41 - Open Economy Macroeconomics
      • F42 - International Policy Coordination and Transmission
      • F43 - Economic Growth of Open Economies
      • F47 - Forecasting and Simulation
      • F49 - Other
  • G - Financial Economics
    • G0 - General
    • G00 - General
    • G1 - General Financial Markets
      • G10 - General
      • G11 - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
      • G12 - Asset Pricing
      • G13 - Contingent Pricing; Futures Pricing
      • G14 - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies
      • G15 - International Financial Markets
      • G18 - Government Policy and Regulation
      • G19 - Other
    • G2 - Financial Institutions and Services
      • G20 - General
      • G21 - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Mortgages
      • G22 - Insurance; Insurance Companies
      • G23 - Pension Funds; Other Private Financial Institutions
      • G24 - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
      • G28 - Government Policy and Regulation
      • G29 - Other
    • G3 - Corporate Finance and Governance
      • G30 - General
      • G31 - Capital Budgeting; Investment Policy
      • G32 - Financing Policy; Capital and Ownership Structure
      • G33 - Bankruptcy; Liquidation
      • G34 - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance
      • G35 - Payout Policy
      • G38 - Government Policy and Regulation
      • G39 - Other
  • H - Public Economics
    • H0 - General
      • H00 - General
    • H1 - Structure and Scope of Government
    • H2 - Taxation; Subsidies; and Revenue
      • H20 - General
      • H21 - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
      • H22 - Incidence
      • H23 - Externalities; Redistributives Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
      • H24 - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
      • H25 - Business Taxes and Subsidies
      • H26 - Tax Evasion
      • H27 - Other Sources of Revenue
      • H29 - Other
    • H3 - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents
      • H30 - General
      • H31 - Household
      • H32 - Firm
      • H39 - Other
    • H4 - Publicly Provided Goods
    • H5 - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies
      • H50 - General
      • H51 - Government Expenditures and Health
      • H52 - Government Expenditures and Education
      • H53 - Governement Expenditures and Welfare Programs
      • H54 - Infrastructures; Other Public Investment and Capital Stock
      • H55 - Social Security and Public Pensions
      • H56 - National Security and War
      • H57 - Procurement
      • H59 - Other
    • H6 - National Budget; Deficit; and Debt
      • H60 - General
      • H61 - Budget; Budget Systems
      • H62 - Deficit; Surplus
      • H63 - Debt; Debt Management
      • H69 - Other
    • H7 - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations
      • H70 - General
      • H71 - State and Local Taxation; Subsidies; and Revenue
      • H72 - State and Local Budget and Expenditures
      • H73 - Interjurisdictional Differentials and Their Effects
      • H74 - State and Local Borrowing
      • H77 - Intergovernmental Relations; Federalism
      • H79 - Other
    • H8 - Miscellaneous Issues
      • H80 - General
      • H81 - Governmental Loans; Loans Guarantees; and Credits
      • H82 - Governmental Property
      • H83 - Public Administration (6)
      • H87 - International Fiscal Issues; International Public Goods
      • H89 - Other
  • I - Health; Education; and Welfare
  • J - Labor and Demographic Economics
  • K - Law and Economies
    • K0 - General
    • K00 - General
    • K1 - Basic Areas of Law
      • K10 - General
      • K11 - Property Law
      • K12 - Contract Law
      • K13 - Tort Law and Product Liability
      • K14 - Criminal Law
      • K19 - Other
    • K2 - Regulation and Business Law
      • K20 - General
      • K21 - Antitrust Law
      • K22 - Corporation and Securities Law
      • K23 - Regulated Industries and Administrative Law
      • K29 - Other
    • K3 - Other Substantive Areas of Law
      • K30 - General
      • K31 - Labor Law (1)
      • K32 - Environmental; Health; and Safety Law
      • K33 - International Law
      • K34 - Tax Law
      • K35 - Personal Bankruptcy Law
      • K39 - Other
    • K4 - Legal Procedure; the Legal System; and Illegal Behavior
      • K40 - General
      • K41 - Litigation Process
      • K42 - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
      • K49 - Other
  • L - Industrial Organization
    • L0 - General
    • L00 - General
    • L1 - Market Structure; Firm Strategy; and Market Performance
      • L10 - General
      • L11 - Production; Pricing; and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
      • L12 - Monopoly; Monopolization Strategies
      • L13 - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
      • L14 - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation; Networks
      • L15 - Information and Product Quality; Standardization and Compatibility
      • L16 - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure; Industrial Price Indices
      • L19 - Other
    • L2 - Firm Objectives; Organization; and Behavior
    • L3 - Nonprofit Organization and Public Enterprise
      • L30 - General
      • L31 - Nonprofit Institutions; NGOs (1)
      • L32 - Public Enterprises
      • L33 - Comparison of Public and Private Enterprises; Privatizations; Contracting Out
      • L39 - Other
    • L4 - Antitrust Issues and Policies
      • L40 - General
      • L41 - monopolization; Horizontal Anticompetitive Practices
      • L42 - Vertical Restraints; Resale Price Maintenance; Quality Discounts
      • L43 - Legal Monopolies and Regulation or Deregulation
      • L44 - Antitrust Policy and Public Enterprise; Nonprofit Institutions; and Professional Organizations
      • L49 - Other
    • L5 - Regulation and Industrial Policy
    • L6 - Industry Studies: Manufacturing
      • L60 - General
      • L61 - Metals and Metal Products; Cement; Glass; Ceramics
      • L62 - Automobiles; Other Transportation Equipment
      • L63 - Microelectronics; Computers; Communications Equipment
      • L64 - Other Machinery; Business; Equipment; Armaments
      • L65 - Chemicals; Rubber; Drugs; Biotechnology
      • L66 - Food; Beverages; Cosmetics; Tobacco
      • L67 - Other Consumer Nondurables: Clothing; Textiles; Shoes; and Leather
      • L68 - Appliances; Other Consumer Durables
      • L69 - Other
    • L7 - Industrie Studies: Primary Products and Construction
      • L70 - General
      • L71 - Mining; Extraction; and Refining: Hydrocarbon Fuels
      • L72 - Mining; Extraction; and Refining: Other Nonrenewable Resources
      • L73 - Forest Products: Lumber and Paper
      • L74 - Construction
      • L78 - Government Policy
      • L79 - Other
    • L8 - Industry Studies: Services
    • L9 - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities
      • L90 - General
      • L91 - Transportation: General
      • L92 - Railroads and Other Surface Transportation: Auto; Buses; Trucks; and Water Carriers; Ports
      • L93 - Air Transportation
      • L94 - Electric Utilities
      • L95 - Gas Utilities; Pipelines; Water Utilities
      • L96 - Telecommunications
      • L97 - Utilities: General
      • L98 - Government Policy
      • L99 - Other
  • M - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting
  • N - Economic History
    • N0 - General
      • N00 - General
        • N01 - Development of the Discipline : Historiographical ; Sources and Methods
    • N1 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics ; Growth and fluctuations
      • N10 - General; International; or comparative
      • N11 - U.S. ; Canada : Pre-1913
      • N12 - U.S. ; Canada : 1913-
      • N13 - Europe : Pre-1913
      • N14 - Europe: 1913-
      • N15 - Asia including Middle East
      • N16 - Latin America; Caribbean
      • N17 - Africa; Oceania
    • N2 - Financial MArket and Institutions
      • N20 - General; International or Comparative
      • N21 - U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913
      • N22 - U.S.; Canada: 1913-
      • N23 - Europe: Pre-1913
      • N24 - Europe: 1913-
      • N25 - Asia including Middle East
      • N26 - Latin America; Caribbean
      • N27 - Africa; Oceania
    • N3 - Labor and Consumers; Demography; Education Income and Wealth
      • N30 - General; International or Comparative
      • N31 - U.S.: Canada Pre-1913
      • N32 - U.S.; Canada : 1913-
      • N33 - Europe: Pre-1913
      • N34 - Europe: 1913-
      • N35 - Asia including Middle East
      • N36 - Latin America; Caribbean
      • N37 - Africa; Oceania
    • N4 - Government; War; Law and Regulation
      • N40 - General; International or Comparative
      • N41 - U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913
      • N42 - U.S.; Canada: 1913-
      • N43 - Europe: Pre-1913
      • N44 - Europe: 1913-
      • N45 - Asia including Middle East
      • N46 - Latin America; Caribbean
      • N47 - Africa; Oceania
    • N5 - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment and Extractive Industries
      • N50 - General; International or Comparative
      • N51 - U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913
      • N52 - U.S.; Canada: 1913-
      • N53 - Europe: Pre-1913
      • N54 - Europe: 1913-
      • N55 - Asia including Middle East
      • N56 - Latin America; Caribbean
      • N57 - Africa; Oceania
    • N6 - Manufacturing and Construction
      • N60 - General; International or Comparative
      • N61 - U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913
      • N62 - U.S.; Canada: 1913-
      • N63 - Europe: Pre-1913
      • N64 - Europe: 1913-
      • N65 - Asia including Middle East
      • N66 - Latin America; Caribbean
      • N67 - Africa; Oceania
    • N7 - Transport; International and Domestic Trade; Energy; Technology and Other Services
      • N70 - General; Inernational; or Comparative
      • N71 - U.S. Canada: Pre-1913
      • N72 - U.S.; Canada: 1913-
      • N73 - Europe: Pre-1913
      • N74 - Europe: 1913-
      • N75 - Asia including Middle East
      • N76 - Latin America; Caribbean
      • N77 - Africa; Oceania
    • N8 - Micro-Business History
      • N80 - General; International; or Comparative
      • N81 - U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913
      • N82 - U.S.; Canada: 1913-
      • N83 - Europe: Pre-1913
      • N84 - Europe: 1913-
      • N85 - Asia including Middle East
      • N86 - Latina America; Caribbean
      • N87 - Africa; Oceania
    • N9 - Regional and Urban History
      • N90 - General; International; or Comparative
      • N91 - U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913
      • N92 - U.S.; Canada: 1913-
      • N93 - Europe: Pre-1913
      • N94 - Europe: 1913-
      • N95 - Asia including Middle East
      • N96 - Latin America; Caribbean
      • N97 - Africa; Oceania
  • O - Economic Development; Technological Change; and Growth
    • O1 - Economic Development
      • O10 - General
      • O11 - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
      • O12 - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
      • O13 - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Other Primary Products
      • O14 - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
      • O15 - Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
      • O16 - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment
      • O17 - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements: Legal; Social; Economic; and Political (1)
      • O18 - Regional; Urban; and Rural Analyses
      • O19 - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
    • O2 - Development Planning and Policy
      • O20 - General
      • O21 - Planning Models; Planning Policy
      • O22 - Project Analysis
      • O23 - Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development
      • O24 - Trade Policy; Factor Movement Policy; Foreign Exchange Policy
      • O29 - Other
    • O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development
      • O30 - General
      • O31 - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
      • O32 - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D (2)
      • O33 - Tchnological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
      • O34 - Intellectual Property Rights: National and International Issues
      • O38 - Government Policy
      • O39 - Other
    • O4 - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
      • O40 - General
      • O41 - One; Two; and Multisector Growth Models
      • O42 - Monetary Growth Models
      • O47 - Measurement of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity
      • O49 - Other
    • O5 - Economywide Country Studies
      • O50 - General
      • O51 - U.S.; Canada
      • O52 - Europe (1)
      • O53 - Asia including Middle East
      • O54 - Latin America; Caribbean
      • O55 - Africa
      • O56 - Oceania
      • O57 - Comparative Studies of Countries
  • P Economic Systems
    • P0 - General
    • P00 - General
    • P1 - Capitalist Systems
      • P10 - General
      • P11 - Planning; Coordination; and Reform
      • P12 - Capitalist Enterprises
      • P13 - Cooperative Enterprises
      • P14 - Property Rights
      • P16 - Political Economy
      • P17 - Performances and Prospects
      • P19 - Other
    • P2 - Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies
      • P20 - General
      • P21 - Planning; Coordination; and Reform
      • P22 - Prices
      • P23 - Factor and Product Markets; Industry Studies; Population
      • P24 - National Income; Product; and Expenditure; Money; Inflation
      • P25 - Urban; Rural; and Regional Economics; Housing; Transportation
      • P26 - Political Economy; Property Rights
      • P27 - Performance and Prospects
      • P28 - Natural Resources; Energy; Environment
      • P29 - Other
    • P3 - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions
      • P30 - General
      • P31 - Socialist Enterprises and Their Transitions
      • P32 - Collectives; Communes; Agriculture
      • P33 - International Trade; Finance; Investment; and Aid
      • P34 - Financial Economics
      • P35 - Public Economics
      • P36 - Consumer Economics; Health; Education; Welfare; and Poverty
      • P37 - Legal Institutions; Illegal Behavior
      • P39 - Other
    • P4 - Other Economic Systems
      • P40 - General
      • P41 - Planning; Coordination; and Reform
      • P42 - Productive Enterprises; Factors and Product Markets; Prices; Population
      • P43 - Public Economics; Welfare and Poverty
      • P44 - National Income; Product; and Expenditure; Money; Inflation
      • P45 - International Trade; Finance; Investment; and Aid
      • P46 - Consumer Economics; Welfare and Poverty
      • P47 - Performance and Prospects
      • P48 - Political Economy; Legal Institutions; Property Rights
      • P49 - Other
    • P5 - Comparative Economic Systems
      • P50 - General
      • P51 - Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems
      • P52 - Comparative Studies of Particular Economies
      • P59 - Other
  • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resources Economics; environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - General
    • Q00 - General
      • Q01 - Sustainable Development
    • Q1 - Agriculture
      • Q10 - General
      • Q11 - Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis; Prices
      • Q12 - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms; Farm Households; and Farm Input Markets
      • Q13 - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
      • Q14 - Agricultural Finance
      • Q15 - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation
      • Q16 - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Agricultural Extension Services
      • Q17 - Agriculture in International Trade
      • Q18 - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
      • Q19 - Other
    • Q2 - Renewable Resources and Conservation
      • Q20 - General
      • Q21 - Demand and Supply
      • Q22 - Fishery; Aquaculture
      • Q23 - Forestry
      • Q24 - Land
      • Q25 - Water
      • Q26 - Recreational Aspects of Natural Resources
      • Q28 - Government Policy
      • Q29 - Other
    • Q3 - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
      • Q30 - General
      • Q31 - Demand and Supply
      • Q32 - Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development
      • Q33 - Resource Booms
      • Q34 - Natural Resources and Domestic and International Conflicts
      • Q38 - Government Policy
      • Q39 - Other
    • Q4 - Energy
      • Q40 - General
      • Q41 - Demad and Supply
      • Q42 - Alternative Energy Sources
      • Q43 - Energy and the Macroeconomy
      • Q48 - Government Policy
      • Q49 - Other
    • Q5 - Environmental Economics
      • Q50 - General
      • Q51 - Valuation of Environmental Effects
      • Q52 - Pollution Control Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
      • Q53 - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste Recycling
      • Q54 - Climate; Natural Disasters
      • Q55 - Technological Innovation
      • Q56 - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounting
      • Q57 - Ecological Economics: Ecosystem Services; Biodiversity Conservation; Bioeconomics
      • Q58 - Government Policy
  • R - Urban; Rural; and Regional Economics
    • R0 - General
    • R00 - General
    • R1 - General Regional Economics
      • R10 - General
      • R11 - Regional Economic Activity: Growth; Development; and Changes
      • R12 - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade
      • R13 - General Equilibrium and Welfare Economic Analysis of Regional Economies
      • R14 - Land Use Patterns
      • R15 - Econometric and Input-Ouput Models; Other Models
      • R19 - Other
    • R2 - Household Analysis
      • R20 - General
      • R21 - Housing Demand
      • R22 - Other Demand
      • R23 - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
      • R29 - Other
    • R3 - Production Analysis and Firm Location (2)
      • R30 - General
      • R31 - Housing Supply and Markets
      • R32 - Other Production and Pricing Analysis
      • R33 - Nonagricultural and Nonresidential Real Estate Markets
      • R34 - Input Demand Analysis
      • R38 - Government Policies; Regulatory Policies
      • R39 - Other
    • R4 - Transportation Systems
      • R40 - General
      • R41 - Transportation; Demand; Supply; Congestion; Safety and Accidents
      • R42 - Government and Private Investment Analysis
      • R48 - Government Pricing; Regulatory Policies
      • R49 - Other
    • R5 - Regional Government Analysis
      • R50 - General
      • R51 - Finance in Urban and Rural Economies
      • R52 - Land Use and Other Regulations
      • R53 - Public Facility Location Analysis; Public Investment and Capital Stock
      • R58 - Regional Development Policy (5)
      • R59 - Other
  • Z - Other Special Topics
    • Z0 - General
    • Z00 - General
    • Z1 - Cultural Economics
      • Z10 - General
      • Z11 - Economics of the Arts and Literature
      • Z12 - Religion
      • Z13 - Social Norms and Social Capital; Social Networks
      • Z19 - Other